Confini e società civili

Guest editor: Alberto Gasparini
Year: 2007
Number: 2
Pages: 131-295
ISSN: 1971-9876

Index:

ARMANDO GUIDA

Foreign debt of the poorer countries. Analysis and hypothesis for solutions / Il debito estero dei paesi poveri. Analisi e ipotesi di soluzione

ANDREA BURRO

Proximity and complementarity in the development of Hong Kong and Shenzhen / Prossimità e complementarietà nello sviluppo di Hong Kong e Shenzhen

PAOLO DEL CHIAPPA

Borders, representation and consumption of minorities linguistic rights / Confini, rappresentanza e consumo dei diritti linguistici minoritari

DANIELE DEL BIANCO

Multifaceted of unemployment: Social networks, market and policies / Le molte facce della disoccupazione: i networks sociali, il mercato e le politiche

MARIAROSA BECCHIMANZI

Social investigation: Feeling close or distant? New borders for closeness / Indagine sociologica sui processi di integrazione in area transfrontaliera: i nuovi confini della vicinanza

KRIZTINA TAKÁCS

Zámoli: An individual case or emergence of a new migration pattern?

CLELIA FIANO

The protection of national minorities in Central-Eastern Europe: The Rom minorities case / La protezione delle minoranze nazionali nella regione dell’Europa centro-orientale: il caso emblematico della minoranza rom

BEDEL KOBLA

Economic democracy in development cooperation to reduce poverty: Analysis of the social impact in promoting the private sector / Democrazia economica nella cooperazione allo sviluppo per la riduzione della povertà: analisi dell’impatto sociale nella promozione del settore privato

 

Presentation:

ARMANDO GUIDA

Foreign debt of the poorer countries. Analysis and hypothesis for solutions / Il debito estero dei paesi poveri. Analisi e ipotesi di soluzione

In this article the author will provide a summary of his PhD thesis. The thesis addresses the question of the foreign debt of the poorer countries, one of the most complex and dramatic issues in today’s world, because it is not only economic but above all, political and social. Foreign debt is a litmus paper, the tip of an iceberg introducing the much broader issue of the rift between the rich North and the poor South of the world. Therefore, any proposals for resolving this issue must operate on two levels. At the specific level, we must address foreign debt per se (total or partial cancellation, reconversion); at a more general level, we must consider the division between the rich North and the poor South of the world (more efficient global policies, for example through international governing bodies with more power than today’s, a greater role for civil society through the Non-Governmental Organizations).

ANDREA BURRO

Proximity and complementarity in the development of Hong Kong and Shenzhen / Prossimità e complementarietà nello sviluppo di Hong Kong e Shenzhen

Shenzhen is a border city between mainland China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. This small, unknown and peripheral city of Southern China has seen its population and activity develop rapidly since the opening of the Special Economic Zone in 1978, with its population rising to five million in few years. The rapid growth of China's economy and the surge in foreign investment and trade begun under the new politics promoted at the end of 70s by the Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. Shenzhen is nowadays the place where the connection between the economies of China and Hong Kong is more visible and where new forms of crossborder cooperation is put into practice in several fields, such as logistics, transportation and environmental protection. Both Hong Kong and Shenzhen play a vital role in China's development, providing not only the necessary capital and expertise, but also by acting as the main channel through which goods flow in to and out of China.

PAOLO DEL CHIAPPA

Borders, representation and consumption of minorities linguistic rights / Confini, rappresentanza e consumo dei diritti linguistici minoritari

The ability to use a language fluently is more than about communication. Language helps to create one’s identity, and can either bind that identity to a country, or can sometimes come to a conflict with the predominant culture. This can be well managed or can be a difficult issue. A status is linguistic too, it is the dynamic and active sum of individual rights and duties, it is a sort of “social capital”. “Glocal equilibriums”, with their linguistic policies, would manipulate object-languages and/or subject-nationalities. Objects, subjects and scenarios are moving in a proposed “top-down uniformity-safeguard/security model”. Languages evolve and compete with each other much like plants and animals, but those driven to extinction are almost always tongues with a low social status.

DANIELE DEL BIANCO

Multifaceted of unemployment: Social networks, market and policies / Le molte facce della disoccupazione: i networks sociali, il mercato e le politiche,

Since the early Seventies the majority of industrialised countries started to face rapid and substantial changes occurring within the labour market of their economies. Not only the unprecedented nature of unemployment started to show a peculiar persistence in the long run, and the marked divergence of unemployment rates patterns between Europe and the Usa, but also a growing feeling of insecurity among the working class have prompted an intense and heterogeneous debate on the economic political and social consequences of unemployment. Almost at the side of economic modelling, the interest for the impact of the experience of unemployment on the material and social quality of life of the unemployed has rapidly grown. The article, thus, develops with empirical references to the Italian and European contexts the following three main themes: the effects of unemployment on social networks; the patterns and consequences of youth unemployment and, finally, an assessment of unemployment as a fundamental variable in the analysis of the political process in transition countries.

MARIAROSA BECCHIMANZI

Social investigation: Feeling close or distant? New borders for closeness / Indagine sociologica sui processi di integrazione in area transfrontaliera: i nuovi confini della vicinanza

The transborder Region between Switzerland and Italy has always been considered as an area characterized by deep similitudes. Differently from other border areas, in this area are missing: harsh natural morphological borders and/or severe fights among population for redefinig borders, which remained unchanged during centuries. At the opposite, the population of this transborder area shares historical roots and linguistic system. However, cultural integration between young Italians and young Swiss seems (according to local experts) not meaningful and even problematic. This investigation has been carried between Sept. 2002 and June 2003. The main aim was to explore the role of ‘closeness’(referring to the historical, morphological and linguistic similitudes) with regard to the cultural integration processes within the transborder Region Insubrica. The investigation involved four groups of students from the Insubria Univers- ity of Varese and the Italian-Swiss University of Lugano. The adopted methodology concerned mainly qualitative technics and focus groups in particular, as a tool to observe opinion making processes.

KRIZTINA TAKÁCS

Zámoli: An individual case or emergence of a new migration pattern?

In the contest of the emergency of new migrations, the case study of the Roma collectivity of Zámoly, Hungary, the so called “Zámoly affair”, is emblematic. Fifty-three Romas left Hun- gary, claimed and obtained asylum in France from an international organization, the European Council of Human Rights. The proximity of the events in Zámoly to Hungary’s accession to E.U. and the progressive development of international political actors distinguish it from other cases of Roma migrations and changed the context in which the Roma and their representatives operate. Under this circumstance the role of the group leader was of crucial importance, using the media to promote Zámoly Gypsie’s case, and, thus, becoming the promoter of a new political class among minorities.

CLELIA FIANO

The protection of national minorities in Central-Eastern Europe: The Rom minorities case / La protezione delle minoranze nazionali nella regione dell’Europa centro-orientale: il caso emblematico della minoranza rom

The main theme of the research is the protection of national minorities in the Central and Eastern European countries, it especially analyses the international and regional standards of protection with a focus on the case of Rom-Sinti national minority in Europe. The historical background of the dissertation is the end of the bipolar system after the fall of Ussr and Yugoslavia and the emergence of new nationalisms. The research has three parts. The first part tries to focus on the definition of national minority, both from socio-political and juridical point of view. The second analyses the different European systems of minorities protection promoted by prominent regional inter-governmental organisations as Eu, Coe, Osce and Cei, and their main documents and agencies relating to minorities. Finally, the third part of the research is based on the study case of Rom-Sinti, analysing the tools of protection of this minority promoting by national, regional and international institutions, and by their representative association as (Iru; Ercc; European Committee on Romani Emancipation; HCA; Open Society Institute). In particular this part aims showing how Rom-Sinti minority in Europe can be consider an emblematic case of European minority (as indicated by Coe in resolution n. 1293) to identify new forms and definitions of minority in the new European and International political field where it seems that “state” and “nation” are becoming too limited to understand political and cultural reality.

BEDEL KOBLA

Economic democracy in development cooperation to reduce poverty: Analysis of the social impact in promoting the private sector / Democrazia economica nella cooperazione allo sviluppo per la riduzione della povertà: analisi dell’impatto sociale nella promozione del settore privato

In this article, the author has choosen to work out through some theoretical and empirical notions concerning two important topics that mean the economic democracy enforced to the development cooperation sector by using some specific aims that concern poverty reduction and inherent the social impact if it would be decided to promote private sector. These two topics together and very tight connected in social and economic fields attempt with appropriate and different tools that can give concrete responses and future perspectives to the poverty reduction problems in Subsaharian Africa.